Goal 1: No Poverty “End poverty in all its forms everywhere.”
No poverty is the first of the 17 Sustainable development goals that are the 2030 agenda. The 2030 agenda is a plan of action for people planet and prosperity.
Poverty is defined as the state of being inferior in quality or insufficient in amount, elements or resources that are needed or desired.
The world has more than 1 in every 5 people living under the poverty line of US $1.25 per day which is lower than the average poverty line of US $5 a day. This is very alarming and constricting. People living at this hardly access basic services such as healthcare, security, and education. Poverty limits access to food, thus poor people experience hunger more often than not. Poverty psychologically affects the people in social discrimination and excludes them from decision-making processes.
Poverty affects age groups in different mannerisms with children highly affected. Children add up to more than half of people living in extreme poverty in the world. Poverty affects education, health, nutrition, and security of children. This, in turn, affects the emotional and spiritual development of the children.
Gender inequality actively plays a role in prolonging the state of extreme poverty in the world. Women are highly affected through the social roles of childbearing at high risks situations. This contributes to declining hope of education or better income.
The major targets in Sustainable Development Goal one entail
- By 2030, eradicate extreme poverty for all people everywhere, currently measured as people living on less than $1.25 a day.
- By 2030, reduce at least by half the proportion of men, women, and children of all ages living in poverty in all its dimensions according to national definitions.
- Implement nationally appropriate social protection systems and measures for all, including floors, and by 2030 achieve substantial coverage of the poor and the vulnerable.
- By 2030, ensure that all men and women, in particular, the poor and vulnerable, have equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to basic services, ownership and control over land and other forms of property, inheritance, natural resources, appropriate new technology and financial services, including microfinance.
- By 2030, build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate-related extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters.
- Ensure significant mobilization of resources from a variety of sources, including enhanced development cooperation, in order to provide adequate and predictable means for developing countries, in particular, least developed countries, to implement programmes and policies to end poverty in all its dimensions.
- Create sound policy frameworks at the national, regional and international levels, based on pro-poor and gender sensitive development strategies, to support accelerated investment in poverty eradication actions.
Completing Goal 1, No poverty is hindered by growing inequality, increasingly fragile statehood, and the impacts of climate change. We actively need to join hands and work together by reducing the social obstructions in order to ensure we achieve poverty reduction by 2030.